Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

9. Income Taxes

9. Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2017
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

The Company has completed a study to assess whether a change in control has occurred or whether there have been multiple changes of control since the Company’s formation through March 31, 2017. The Company determined, based on the results of the study, no change in control occurred for purposes of Internal Revenue Code section 382. The Company, after considering all available evidence, fully reserved its deferred tax assets since it is more likely than not, such benefits, will not be realized in future periods. The Company incurred losses for both financial reporting and income tax purposes for the year ended March 31, 2017. Accordingly, the Company is continuing to fully reserve for its deferred tax assets. The Company will continue to evaluate its deferred tax assets to determine whether any changes in circumstances could affect the realization of their future benefit. If it is determined in future periods that portions of the Company’s deferred income tax assets satisfy the realization standards, the valuation allowance will be reduced accordingly.


As a result of certain realization requirements of Accounting Standards Codification Topic 718, the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities do not include certain deferred tax assets at December 31, 2017 that arose directly from tax deductions related to equity compensation in excess of compensation recognized for financial reporting purposes. Equity will be increased by approximately $533,000 if and when such deferred tax assets are ultimately realized.


On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code that will affect the Company’s fiscal year ending March 31, 2018, including, but not limited to, reducing the U.S. federal corporate tax rate. The Tax Act reduces the federal corporate tax rate to 21 percent in the fiscal year ending March 31, 2018.  Section 15 of the Internal Revenue Code stipulates that our fiscal year ending March 31, 2018, will have a blended corporate tax rate of approximately 30 percent, which is based on the applicable tax rates before and after the Tax Act and the number of days in the year.  The reduction of the corporate tax rate to 21% will cause the Company to reduce its deferred tax asset, consisting primarily of net operating loss carry forwards, research and development tax credit carry-forwards and stock based compensation and adjust the valuation allowance against the deferred tax asset from approximately $42 million as of March 31, 2017 to approximately $28 million.  The effect of this discrete event has no effect on the basic condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine month period ended December 31, 2017.


The changes included in the Tax Act are broad and complex. The final impacts of the Tax Act may differ from the above estimate, possibly materially, due to, among other things, changes in interpretations of the Tax Act, any legislative action to address questions that arise because of the Tax Act, any changes in accounting standards for income taxes or related interpretations in response to the Tax Act, or any updates or changes to estimates the company has utilized to calculate the transition impact. The Securities Exchange Commission has issued rules that would allow for a measurement period of up to one year after the enactment date of the Tax Act to finalize the recording of the related tax impacts. We currently anticipate finalizing and recording any resulting adjustments within one year after the enactment date of the Tax Act.