8. Stock-Based Compensation
|9 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2015
|Share-based Compensation Arrangement by Share-based Payment Award, Additional General Disclosures [Abstract]|
On June 1, 2015, the Board of Directors of the Company approved an increase of 250,000 shares authorized for issuance under the 2006 Stock Plan as of April 1, 2015, and an increase of 2,256,762 shares authorized for issuance under the 2011 Stock Plan as of April 1, 2015.
The Companys Compensation Committee approved a short-term performance based bonus program for fiscal 2016 with predetermined objectives related to revenue and expense targets. In the event the fiscal 2016 objectives are met, eighty-percent of the options will vest on June 30, 2016. The remaining twenty-percent of the stock options will vest at the discretion of the Companys Compensation Committee on June 30, 2016. In the event the objectives are not met the stock options will expire unvested. On August 21, 2015, certain executives and senior managers were granted an aggregate of 377,500 stock options in connection with this program. The stock options have an exercise price of $1.16 and if they vest will expire ten years from the date of grant.
The Company approved a long-term market-based stock option bonus program for senior managers. Vesting of the stock options granted as part of this program is contingent upon the achievement of four separate target stock prices. The market-based options vest based on the 30 trading day trailing average of the stock price of the Companys common stock with options vesting in 25% increments at each of the target stock prices. On the last day of each quarter, the chief executive officer and/or chief financial officer will determine if any of the target stock prices have been met by evaluating the period between the quarter end date and the grant date of the option. In the event that a target stock price has been met, the senior manager will be notified that such options have vested. At the end of five years from the date of the grant, if the stock target prices have not been met, then the unvested portion of the option will expire. On August 21, 2015, certain executives and senior managers were granted an aggregate of 118,750 stock options in connection with this program. The stock options have an exercise price of $1.16 and if they vest will expire ten years from the date of grant. It was determined by the Company that achievement of the performance conditions by each employee is probable.
The Company issues service, performance and market-based stock options to employees and non-employees. The Company estimates the fair value of service and performance stock option awards using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Company estimates the fair value of market-based stock option awards using a Monte-Carlo simulation. Compensation expense for stock option awards is amortized on a straight-line basis over the awards vesting period. Compensation expense includes the impact of an estimate for forfeitures for all stock options.
The Company estimates forfeitures based on historical experience and reduces compensation expense accordingly. The estimated forfeiture rates used during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 ranged from 0.21% to 0.37%. The estimated forfeiture rates used during the nine months ended December 31, 2015 ranged from 1.18% to 1.81%.
The expected term of stock option awards represents the average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding. The expected term for service and performance awards is based on the expected term calculated using the approach prescribed by the SECs Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 110 for plain vanilla options. The expected term for market-based stock option awards is based on the expected term calculated using a Monte-Carlo simulation. The expected stock price volatility for the Companys stock options was determined by using an average of the historical volatilities of the Company and its industry peers for non-employee grants and was determined by using the historical volatilities of the Company for employee options. The Company will continue to analyze the stock price volatility and expected term assumptions as more data for the Companys common stock and exercise patterns become available. The risk-free interest rate assumption is based on the U.S. Treasury instruments whose term was consistent with the expected term of the Companys stock options. The expected dividend assumption is based on the Companys history and expectation of dividend payouts.
The fair value of service and performance stock options granted was calculated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model and the fair value of market-based stock options was calculated using a Monte-Carlo simulation. The Company fair values were calculated using the following weighted-average assumptions:
Stock-based compensation expense is as follows:
A summary of all option activity as of December 31, 2015 and changes during the nine months then ended is presented below:
The aggregate intrinsic value is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the underlying stock options and the fair value of the Companys common stock ($1.15) for stock options.
At December 31, 2015, there were unrecognized compensation costs of $2,220,000 related to stock options which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average amortization period of 1.43 years.
The Company did not capitalize any cost associated with stock-based compensation.
The Company issues new shares of common stock upon exercise of stock options.
No income tax benefit has been recognized relating to stock-based compensation expense and no tax benefits have been realized from exercised stock options.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef